Government - Body Municipal Corporation of Patiala
Area - Total 210 km2 (80 sq mi)
Elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)
Population - Total 18,92,282
Density - 9,000/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Languages - Official Punjabi
Time zone - IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN - 147XXX
Telephone code- 91-0175
Vehicle registration - PB11, PB34, PB39, PB42, PB48, PB72
Literacy - 86.63%
Patiala (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city located in south-eastern Punjab, in northern India. It is the Third largest city in the state, and known to be the prettiest and cleanest of them all. The city is the administrative capital of Patiala district. Patiala is located around a castle named Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by two militiamen Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh in 1763, and he stated that "Ala singh will be sitting ruler while i should be the standing ruler of the stat".
Patiala is an INC stronghold. In popular culture, the city remains famous for its traditional turban (a type of headgear), paranda (a kind of tasselled tag for braiding hair), patiala salwar (a type of female trousers), jutti (a type of footwear) and Patiala peg (a measure of liquor).
The first Indian astronaut, Rakesh Sharma, was born in Patiala.
Patiala is located at 30°20′N 76°23′E / 30.34°N 76.38°E. It has an average elevation of 250 metres (820 feet). During short existence of PEPSU, Patiala served as it capital city. During the reign of Maharajas, Patiala state extended from Narnaul, Hissar in Harayana to Kandaghat and Chail in Himachal.